FY1999, PL 105-245, Title I, Department of the Army, Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP)
For expenses necessary to clean up contaminated sites throughout the United States where work was performed as part of the Nation's early atomic energy program , $140,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the response actions by the United States Army Corps of Engineers under this program shall consist of the following functions and activities to be performed at eligible sites where remediation has not been completed: sampling and assessment of contaminated areas, characterization of site conditions, determination of the nature and extent of contamination, selection of the necessary and appropriate response actions as the lead Federal agency, preparation of designation reports, cleanup and closeout of sites , and any other functions determined by the Chief of Engineers as necessary for remediation: Provided further, That response actions by the United States Army Corps of Engineers under this program shall be subject to the administrative, procedural, and regulatory provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.), and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan, 40 CFR, Chapter 1, Part 300: Provided further, That, except as stated herein, these provisions do not alter, curtail or limit the authorities, functions or responsibilities of other agencies under the Atomic Energy Act (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.): Provided further, That any sums recovered under CERCLA for response actions, or recovered from a contractor, insurer, surety, or other person to reimburse the United States Army Corps of Engineers for any expenditures for response actions, shall be credited to the account used to fund response actions on eligible sites , and will be available for response action costs for any eligible site: Provided further, That the Secretary of Energy may exercise the authority of 42 U.S.C. 2208 to make payments in lieu of taxes for federally-owned property where Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program activities are conducted, regardless of which Federal agency has acquired the property and notwithstanding references to 'the activities of the Commission' in 42 U.S.C. 2208: Provided further, That the unexpended balances of prior appropriations provided for these activities in this Act or any previous Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act may be transferred to and merged with this appropriation account, and thereafter, may be accounted for as one fund for the same time period as originally enacted.
NOTE: Congress' directive in this FY 1999 appropriation that Army Corps conduct its FUSRAP activities under CERCLA effectively neutralized the F.A.C.T.S. lawsuit (filed earlier that year) which had sought the legitimate AEA cleanup regulatory regime.